of our policy. Polish forces are fighting with our armies and have recently
distinguished themselves remarkably well. Polish forces under Russian
guidance are also fighting with the Soviet army against the common enemy.
cc Our effort to bring about a renewal of relations between the Polish
Government and Russia in London has not succeeded, We deeply regret
that fact., and we must take care to say nothing that would make agreement
more difficult in the future. I must repeat that the essential part of any
arrangement is regulation of the Polish eastern frontier,, and that, in return
for any withdrawal made by Poland in that quarter, she should receive other
territories at the expense of Germany, which will give her ample seaboard
and a good, adequate and reasonable homeland in which the Polish nation
may safely dwell. We must trust that when we all engage in the struggle
with the common foe, when nothing can surpass the bravery of our Polish
Allies in Italy and daily on the sea, and in the air, and in the heroic resistance
of the underground movement to the Germans. I have seen here men who
came a few days ago out of Poland, who told me about it, and who are in
relation with, and under the orders of, the present Polish Government in
London. They are most anxious that this underground movement should
not clash with the advancing Russian Army, but should help it, and orders
have been sent by the Polish Government in London that the underground
movement is to help the Russian Armies in as many ways as possible. There
are many ways possible in which guerillas can be successful, and we trust
that statesmanship will yet find some way through.
" I have the impression—and it is no more than an impression—that
things are not so bad as they may appear on the surface between Russia and
Poland. I need not say that we—and I think I may certainly add, the
United States—would welcome any arrangement between Russia and Poland,
however it was brought about, whether directly between the Powers con-
cerned, or with the help of His Majesty's Government, or any other Govern-
ment. There is no question of pride on our part, only of sincere good will
to both, and earnest and anxious aspirations to a solution of problems fraught
with grave consequences to Europe and the harmony of the Grand Alliance.
In the meantime, our relations, both with the Polish and the Soviet Govern-
ments, remain regulated by the public statements which have been made
and repeated from time to time from this bench during the present war.
There I leave this question, and I trust that if it is dealt with in Debate
those who deal with it will always consider what we want, namely, the
united action of all Poles, with all Russians, against all Germans."
The most significant extracts from the following Debate in the House
of Commons were :—
Mr* Petherick (Conservative) :^Let me say a word about Poland. How
should we feel if we were asked, at "the end of the war, to give up East Anglia
to our AHies, and to get back the Ukraine instead. I think that if Russia
is approached sensibly, she may think very differently about all these prob-
lems from the way she is thinking about them now. If Germany is com-
pletely crushed, Russia may think, as we do, having a lot of experience,
that it is no good allowing a number of Ekes to clutter up your doorstep.
Major Vyvyan Adams (Conservative) : I do not quite understand what
is obviously troubling the Prime Minister in his anxiety about Poland . , .
We are not fighting to preserve frontiers which have been fluid for centuries.
. . . We are fighting to destroy aggression.., we should never forget it is a
very great crusade against unprovoked aggression. When we speak of
Poland, I suggest it is foolish to turn away from what is, quite clearly, the
Russian point of view. It can, quite simply, be stated in this sentence—that